A Chapter 5 separation covers multiple reason for which a soldier is to be separated for convenience of the government. This can cover the following:

5–3. Secretarial plenary authority

Separation under this paragraph is the prerogative of the Secretary of the Army. Secretarial plenary separation authority is exercised sparingly and seldom delegated. Ordinarily, it is used when no other provision of this regulation applies, and early separation is clearly in the best interest of the Army.

5-4. Surviving Sons or Daughters

The “surviving son” or “surviving daughter” is any son or daughter in a family whose parent, or one or more sons or daughters, served in the Armed Forces of the United States and:

  1. Was killed in action.
  2. Died as a result of wounds, accident, or
  3. disease while serving in the U.S. Armed Forces.
  4. Is in a captured or missing-in-action status.
  5. Is permanently 100 percent physically disabled or 100 percent mentally disabled due to service connection, as determined by the Department of Veterans’ Affairs or one of the military services, and is not gainfully employed because of such disability.

5–8. Involuntary separation due to parenthood

Soldiers will be considered for involuntary separation when parental obligations interfere with fulfillment of military responsibilities. Specific reasons for separation because of parenthood include:

  1. Inability to perform prescribed duties satisfactorily.
  2. Repeated absenteeism.
  3. Repeated tardiness.
  4. Inability to participate in field training exercises or perform special duties such as CQ and staff duty non-commissioned officer (NCO).
  5. Non-availability for worldwide assignment or deployment according to the needs of the Army.

5–9. Lack of jurisdiction.

The General Courts Martial Convening Authority (GCMCA) will direct the discharge or release from active military service or will release the individual concerned from military control.

5–10. Discharge of aliens not lawfully admitted to the United States.

Commanders are authorized to dispose of cases involving aliens not lawfully admitted to, or residing in, the United States who did not conceal their true citizenship status at enlistment.

5–11. Separation of personnel who did not meet procurement medical fitness standards

Soldiers who were not medically qualified under procurement medical fitness standards when accepted for enlistment or who became medically disqualified under these standards prior to entry on Active Duty or Active Duty Training for initial entry training, may be separated.

5–12. Discharge for failure after enlistment to qualify medically for flight training

Soldiers who enlist for the warrant officer flight training option and who, after enlistment, fail to qualify medically for flight training, may be discharged from the Army.

5–13. Separation because of personality disorder

Soldiers with less than 24 months of active duty service, as of the date separation proceedings are initiated, may be separated for personality disorder (not amounting to disability) that interferes with assignment or with performance of duty.

5–14. Concealment of arrest record

A Soldier who concealed an arrest record (not followed by a civil court conviction and not reflecting charges pending at the time of enlistment) for any juvenile or adult offense and such concealment does not amount to a fraudulent entry may be separated.

5–15. Early release of Reserve Component personnel serving AGR tours under 10 USC 12301(d)

USAR or ARNGUS AGR Soldiers serving tours under 10 USC 12301(d) may be released from active duty for the convenience of the Government, prior to completion of their AGR tour

5–16. Early separation to further education

Soldiers may be discharged or released from active duty for the convenience of the Government, up to 90 days before ETS, in order to attend a specific term at college, university, vocational school, or technical school.

5–17. Other designated physical or mental conditions

Commanders may approve separation under this paragraph on the basis of other physical or mental conditions not amounting to disability and excluding conditions appropriate for separation processing that potentially interfere with assignment to or performance of duty.

Learn more about Discharges of Army Enlisted Personnel.