ALARACT 107/2012

ALARACT 107/2012
DTG: P 180103Z Apr 12
THIS ALARACT MESSAGE IS SENT ON BEHALF OF THE SURGEON GENERAL//
SUBJECT: HEAT ILLNESS PREVENTION FOR 2012 HEAT SEASON
REF/A/AR 40-5/PREVENTIVE MEDICINE/25MAY07//
REF/B/HQDA MEMORANDUM/SUBJECT: HEAT ILLNESS PREVENTION PROGRAM FOR THE 2012 HEAT
SEASON/10 APRIL 12/(AKO URLS WILL NOT WORK IN UPPER
CASE)//HTTPS://WWW.US.ARMY.MIL/SUITE/DOC/35864420//
REF/C/TECHNICAL BULLETIN MED 507/HEAT STRESS CONTROL AND HEAT CASUALTY
MANAGEMENT/07MAR03//
HTTP://WWW.ARMY.MIL/USAPA/MED/DR_PUBS/DR_A/PDF/TBMED507.PDF//
REF/D/TRADOC REGULATION 350-29/PREVENTION OF HEAT AND COLD
CASUALTIES/20JAN10//HTTP://WWW.TRADOC.ARMY.MIL/TPUBS/REGS/TR350-29.PDF//
REF/E/FM 5-19/COMPOSITE RISK MANAGEMENT/21AUG06//
HTTPS://ARMYPUBS.US.ARMY.MIL/DOCTRINE/DR_PUBS/DR_AA/PDF/FM5_19.PDF //
REF/F/COMMANDERS’, SENIOR NCOS’ AND INSTRUCTORS’ GUIDE TO RISK MANAGEMENT OF HEAT
CASUALTIES WWW.TRADOC.ARMY.MIL/SURGEON/PDF/HEAT%20RISK%20MANUAL.PDF//
REF/G/US ARMY PUBLIC HEALTH COMMAND RESOURCES LOCATED
AT: HTTP://PHC.AMEDD.ARMY.MIL/TOPICS/DISCOND/HIPSS/PAGES/DEFAULT.ASPX.
1. (U) SITUATION. WARM WEATHER-RELATED ILLNESSES CONTINUE TO THREATEN INDIVIDUAL HEALTH
AND PERFORMANCE FOR OUR SOLDIERS AND THE COLLECTIVE HEALTH OF OUR FORCE ARMY-WIDE. IN
2011, FIVE-SOLDIERS DIED OF HEAT-RELATED ILLNESS INVOLVING SOME TYPE OF PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY. THE ARMED FORCES HEALTH SURVEILLANCE CENTER REPORTED 1,808 HEAT ILLNESSES IN
2011, OF WHICH 126-CASES WERE HEAT STROKE AMONG THE US ARMY ACTIVE COMPONENT.
2. (U) MISSION. LEADERS AND SOLDIERS AT ALL LEVELS WILL IMPLEMENT BASIC, EFFECTIVE MEASURES
IN ORDER TO PREVENT, IDENTIFY AND TREAT HEAT ILLNESS DURING THE SPRING/SUMMER HEAT
SEASON (01 APR 12 – 30 SEP 12).
3. (U) EXECUTION.
3.A. (U) CONCEPT OF THE OPERATIONS.
3.A.(1) (U) COMMANDERS AND LEADERS WILL ENSURE ALL PERSONNEL ARE EDUCATED ABOUT THE
PREVENTION, RECOGNITION AND TREATMENT OF HEAT ILLNESS.
3.A.(2) (U) HEAT ILLNESS REPRESENTS A CONTINUUM OF SEVERITY FROM MILD (HEAT EXHAUSTION) TO
SEVERE (HEAT STROKE).
3.A.(3) (U) COMMANDERS WILL IMPLEMENT PROGRAMS DESIGNED TO AID IN THE PREVENTION OF
HEAT ILLNESSES. UNIT NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS (NCOS) WILL EXECUTE THE HEAT ILLNESS
PREVENTION PROGRAM FOR THE HEALTH AND SAFETY OF THEIR SOLDIERS. SOLDIERS ARE RESPONSIBLE
FOR IMPLEMENTING PERSONAL PROTECTIVE MEASURES.
3.A.(4) (U) WHEN TRAINING OR DEPLOYED TO WARM-WEATHER REGIONS, UNITS WILL TREAT ANY
SOLDIER WHO EXHIBITS CONFUSION OR ABNORMAL BEHAVIOR AS A LIKELY HEAT STROKE CASUALTY
PENDING MEDICAL EXAMINATION. UNITS WILL IMMEDIATELY BEGIN ACTIVE COOLING MEASURES AND
INITIATE MEDICAL EVACUATION PROCEDURES (REF/F).
3.B. (U) COORDINATING INSTRUCTIONS.
3.B.(1) (U) LEADERS AT ALL LEVELS WILL:
3.B.(1)(A) (U) ENSURE THEIR PERSONNEL ARE TRAINED ON PREVENTION, RECOGNITION AND BASIC
TREATMENT OF HEAT-RELATED ILLNESS.
3.B.(1)(B) (U) ENSURE ALL CADRE IN TRAINING ENVIRONMENTS RECEIVE TRAINING IN PREVENTION
AND RECOGNITION OF HEAT ILLNESSES CONSISTENT WITH TRADOC GUIDANCE (REF/D).
3.B.(1)(C) (U) ENSURE SOLDIERS FOLLOW THE BASIC, AND EFFECTIVE PREVENTIVE MEASURES OUTLINED
BELOW.
3.B.(1)(D) (U) INTEGRATE MEDICAL SUPPORT INTO THE PLANNING OF UNIT ACTIVITIES WITH THE
POTENTIAL FOR HEAT CASUALTY EVENTS. UNITS WITHOUT ORGANIC MEDICAL SUPPORT SHOULD
COORDINATE WITH SUPPORTING MEDICAL TREATMENT FACILITIES FOR PLANNING AND TRAINING
ASSISTANCE.
3.B.(1)(E) (U) REVIEW SOLDIERS’ MEDICAL AND PHYSICAL READINESS AND ACCLIMIZATION STATUS AS
PART OF UNIT RISK ASSESSMENT PROCEDURES FOR ALL TRAINING AND OPERATIONS (REF/E).
3.B.(1)(F) (U) EACH SOLDIER SHOULD BE AWARE OF HIS/HER BATTLE BUDDY’S EATING, DRINKING, AND
FREQUENCY OF URINATION TO HELP RECOGNIZE EARLY SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF HEAT ILLNESS.
3.B.(1)(G) (U) CLOSELY MONITOR SOLDIERS WHO ARE PRONE TO HEAT ILLNESS (E.G., THOSE WHO ARE
OVERWEIGHT, DIETING, HAVE CHRONIC MEDICAL CONDITIONS, ARE TAKING PRESCRIPTION AND OVERTHE-COUNTER
MEDICATIONS, OR HAVE RECENT ILLNESS). A METHOD OF MARKING SOLDIERS WHO ARE
AT RISK FOR HEAT ILLNESS IS CONTAINED IN REF/D. CONSULT MEDICAL PERSONNEL TO DETERMINE
APPROPRIATE LEVELS OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY FOR THESE SOLDIERS.
3.B.(1)(H) (U) FOLLOW THE WORK/REST CYCLE. ENSURE SOLDIERS REST IN THE SHADE AND MODIFY
UNIFORM (E.G., REMOVE BODY ARMOR/HELMET, UNBLOUSE TROUSERS AND LOOSEN CUFFS) AS
MISSION PERMITS. SEE WORK/REST AND WATER CONSUMPTION TABLE AT
HTTP://USAPHCAPPS.AMEDD.ARMY.MIL/HIOSHOPPINGCART/VIEWITEM.ASPX?ID=53.
3.B.(1)(I) (U) ENSURE SOLDIERS HAVE ADEQUATE TIME TO EAT MEALS AND DRINK WATER.
3.B.(1)(J) (U) DO NOT ALLOW SOLDIERS TO USE SALT TABLETS BECAUSE THERE IS AN ADEQUATE
AMOUNT OF SALT IN MEALS.
3.B.(1)(K) DO NOT ALLOW SOLDIERS TO EMPTY CANTEENS OR CAMELBAKS(r) TO LIGHTEN THEIR LOAD.
3.B.(1)(L) (U) CAPITALIZE ON OPPORTUNITIES TO REDUCE HEAT ILLNESS. (E.G., MARCH ON GRASS
INSTEAD OF ASPHALT IF FEASIBLE; HOLD FORMATIONS IN SHADED AREAS INSTEAD OF DIRECT SUN; USE
OPEN FORMATIONS; ALLOW ADDITIONAL COOL SHOWERS AS POSSIBLE).
3.B.(1)(M) (U) SOLDIERS NEED TO RECOGNIZE AND RESPOND TO POSSIBLE HEAT
ILLNESSES. IMMEDIATE COOLING AND BUDDY AID IMPROVES THE LIKLIHOOD OF HEAT ILLNESS
SURVIVAL WITH MINIMAL LASTING EFFECTS.
3.B.(1)(N) (U) THIRST IS NOT A RELIABLE INDICATOR OF WATER NEEDS. COMMANDERS AND LEADERS
WILL ENSURE SOLDIERS ARE WELL HYDRATED BEFORE, DURING, AND AFTER OPERATIONS AND
TRAINING.
3.B.(1)(O) (U) A SOLDIER’S HOURLY FLUID INTAKE SHOULD NOT EXCEED 1 1/2-QUARTS AND DAILY
INTAKE SHOULD NOT EXCEED 12-QUARTS DUE TO THE RISK OF OVER HYDRATION/ WATER TOXICITY.
3.B.(1)(P) (U) UNITS WILL MONITOR WET BULB GLOBE THERMOMETER HOURLY WHEN AMBIENT
TEMPERATURE IS EQUAL TO OR GREATER THAN 75-DEGREES FAHRENHEIT. PERFORM MONITORING AS
CLOSE TO LOCATIONS OF ACTIVITY AS POSSIBLE. COMMANDERS SHOULD CONSIDER THE IMPACT OF
CUMULATIVE HEAT STRESS ON SOLDIERS DURING PROLONGED OR REPEATED HEAT EXPOSURES OVER
TWO OR MORE CON(SEC)UTIVE DAYS.
3.B.(1)(Q) (U) LEADERS MUST IMMEDIATELY RE-EVALUATE ALL UNIT PERSONNEL AND MITIGATION
ACTIONS WHEN ANY HEAT ILLNESS OCCURS.
3.B.(1)(R) (U) UNITS WILL CONTINUE TO REPORT ALL HEAT ILLNESSES THAT REQUIRE MEDICAL
INTERVENTION OR RESULT IN LOST DUTY TIME.
3.B.(2) (U) HEAT ILLNESS REPORTING.
3.B.(2)(A) (U) DEPLOYED PERSONNEL SHOULD REPORT HEAT ILLNESSES AS OUTLINED IN THEIR MEDICAL
ANNEX.
3.B.(2)(B) (U) NON-DEPLOYED UNITS SHOULD COORDINATE WITH THEIR SUPPORTING PREVENTIVE
MEDICINE (PM) ORGANIZATION FOR REPORTING USING THE DISEASE REPORTING SYSTEM INTERNET
(DRSI).
3.B.(2)(C) (U) NON-DEPLOYED MEDICAL TREATMENT FACILITIES SHOULD COORDINATE WITH THEIR
SUPPORTING PM ORGANIZATION FOR REPORTING HEAT ILLNESSES. PM PERSONNEL SHOULD REPORT
HEAT ILLNESSES TO THE US ARMY PUBLIC HEALTH COMMAND (USAPHC) USING DRSI. INFORMATION IS
AVAILABLE AT HTTP://PHC.AMEDD.ARMY.MIL/TOPICS/HEALTHSURV/DE/PAGES/DRSIRESOURCES.ASPX
AND FROM THE DRSI HELPDESK (EMAIL: DISEASE.EPIDEMIOLOGY@AMEDD.ARMY.MIL, COM: 410-417-
2377, DSN: 867-2377).
3.B.(3) (U) ADDITIONAL RESOURCES AND GUIDANCE AVAILABLE TO LEADERS AND MEDICAL
PERSONNEL.
3.B.(3)(A) (U) USAPHC PROVIDES COMPREHENSIVE INFORMATION ON HEAT ILLNESS PREVENTION AT
HTTP://PHC.AMEDD.ARMY.MIL/TOPICS/DISCOND/HIPSS/PAGES/HEATINJURYPREVENTION.ASPX.
3.B.(3)(B) (U) TRADOC PROVIDES GUIDANCE TO COMMANDERS FOR PREVENTION OF HEAT CASUALTIES
AT HTTPS://WWW.US.ARMY.MIL/SUITE/FOLDER/34737450.
3.B.(3)(C) (U) US ARMY COMBAT READINESS/SAFETY CENTER (USACRC) LAUNCHED THE 2012
SPRING/SUMMER SAFETY CAMPAIGN WHICH RUNS FROM 01 APR 12 – 30 SEP 12 TO RAISE AWARENESS
OF COMMON SEASONAL HAZARDS. INFORMATION ON THE USACRC SPRING/SUMMER SAFETY
CAMPAIGN 2012 IS AVAILABLE
AT: HTTPS://SAFETY.ARMY.MIL/MULTIMEDIA/CAMPAIGNSINITIATIVES/SPRINGSUMMERSAFETY2012/T
ABID/2310/DEFAULT.ASPX.
4. (U) SUSTAINMENT. (U) N/A.
5. (U) COMMAND AND SIGNAL.
5.A. (U) HQDA POCS:
5.A.(1) (U) MR. PAUL REPACI, HEALTH SYSTEM SPECIALIST, COM: 703-681-2949, DSN 761; EMAIL:
PAUL.REPACI@US.ARMY.MIL.
5.A.(2) (U) LTC BRYONY SOLTIS, PREVENTIVE MEDICINE STAFF OFFICER: COM: 703-681-3160, DSN: 761;
EMAIL: BRYONY.W.SOLTIS@US.ARMY.MIL.
5.A.(3) (U) HQDA AOC-CAT: SURGEON ACTION OFFICER, COM: 703-693-4821, DSN: 223-4821, EMAIL:
OTSG.AOCCAT@CONUS.ARMY.MIL.
5.B. (U) EXPIRATION DATE: 30 APR 13.